Urology is one of the Surgery specialties that deals with genitourinary health and surgical diseases of men and women, including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive system, including prostate, testicles and penis.

Symptoms of common urological disorders

      • Urinary frequency, nocturia, urinary urgency
      • Urinary incontinence
      • Weak, intermittent urine stream
      • Difficulty in urinating
      • Pain or burning sensation when urinating
      • Sensation of incomplete emptying of bladder after urination
      • Urine is cloudy or contain blood
      • Lower back and abdominal pain

Common Urological Disorders

      • Cancers: kidney, ureter, bladder, prostate, penis, and testicular cancers
      • Stones: kidney stones, ureteral stones, bladder stones, urethral stones
      • Urinary tract infection and inflammation: recurrent urethritis, cystitis and nephritis
      • Functional urological disorders: voiding dysfunction, urinary incontinence (stress incontinence, urge incontinence, functional incontinence, overflow incontinence), overactive bladder, nocturnal polyuria, interstitial cystitis (Bladder Pain Syndrome)
      • Prostate diseases: prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia
      • Male reproductive system diseases: male infertility, erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation
      • Female urological diseases: pelvic floor dysfunction, pelvic organ prolapse, urinary incontinence, urinary frequency, urinary urgency, nocturia, recurrent urethritis, interstitial cystitis, vesicovaginal fistula